Wednesday, August 24, 2016

Saving the Seed

What do you see here? 

   A tomato
               Sandwich inspiration?

What if it could be so much more?

Last week, we hosted our community seed saving workshop at the Hub, where our seed-savvy leaders, Kendra and Hannah, revealed the magical potential held within the heart of this single fruit. This tomato holds upwards of 50 seeds, all with the potential energy to become tomato-bearing plants themselves.  Hundreds of tomatoes at our fingertips! 

It's not just tomatoes that hold this incredible potential. 

It's squash and cucumbers, it's potatoes and flowers! 

Kendra and Hannah showed the group how, with some very basic materials, nearly any fruit, vegetable, herb or flower from the garden (or sometimes even the grocery store) can multiply into much much more!

Beyond walking us through the logistics of saving seeds, they also gave the scientific background on how different types of seeds work!

Ever thought about your plants being male or female? Considered the role of bees?  Sometimes you might even have to help pollinate the plants yourself! And working with hybrids can be quite the gamble! It seems that planting your own seeds can provide you with an intimate insight into how Nature does her work!

In addition to giving the run-down on how to harvest and store seeds and what to keep in mind when planting them, Kendra and Hannah also took a moment to showcase our very own seed saving library! Imagine these colorful little drawers filled with endless potential! You can take what you need and you can share what you have! This is where community really comes into the mix!

Look at this adorable source of 
seed diversity
food security, and community strength!

Come on by to check it out, take some seeds, ask some questions, and continue to develop the beautiful community we are all building together here!

Let's all put that bloom in Bloomington!  :)

And join us for our next garden workshop, Wild Edibles! Tuesday, September 20th! 1:30-3:00 pm! 
Or our next kitchen workshop, Fermentation! Wednesday, September 14th, 6:00-8:00 pm!

And click here and here and here and here and HERE for some great seed saving resources 
so you can be part of the fun! 

Tuesday, August 16, 2016

Happy Canning: A Mini Guide to Food Preservation

Just a sample of what can be done with canning
 Preservation by canning is a great way to save food that you have a surplus of and to diversify your meals. It is also a great way to keep eating local, even in winter! Pulling out a jar of bright yellow peaches in the middle of winter? Call me over because that’s amazing. But why stop there? Jam, green beans, corn, salsa, pickles, soups, broths etc. The list goes on, and it could meet potentially everyone’s dietary needs and desires. I don’t know about you, but that sounds pretty great to me.
When deciding what to can its important to pay attention to what’s available to you at the time. Take note of what’s on sale and what’s going to get you the best bargain, or what you have growing in your garden. Most importantly though, look at what you think you'll want to eat later. Once you’ve figured that out, you’ll have to decide which canning method is best for that type of produce.

Now, bear with me here, okay? There’s only two methods of canning: boiling water bath (BWB) canning and pressure canning. The former can be used for all your high acid food needs; luckily, every fruit falls into this category, along with pickles, tomatoes (with added lemon juice) and acidified foods like chutney or ketchup. The latter is used for pasta sauce, soups, broths and veggies. Disclaimer! It is super important to use the proper method for the food your canning. Canning is a perfectly safe method of preservation, but you need to do your research, and follow instructions.

 If you’re new to world of canning, start with BWB because the cost is minimal and its used to preserve fruits and everybody likes fruit.

Next step is to choose a canning recipe from a reputable source and then follow that to the T. I mean it. Don’t try to cut corners to speed up the process. I guarantee you that every step in that recipe is for tasty food that is safe to eat. Nobody likes food poisoning; I can guarantee that. Canning is all about acid levels but you don’t need to know what chemicals do what. Simply follow that recipe and everything will fall into place.

To get started with BWB you'll need some of the following equipment:
  • Mason jars with two part lids. One to cover/seal and the ring to secure. The flat lid part needs to be new.
  • A pot that is at least 3 inches taller than your jars so that they may be submerged in water. And it needs to have a rack to keep the jars off the bottom
  • Canning tongs (DO NOT use kitchen tongs. They are not the same and you will hurt yourself)
  • Wide-mouthed funnel
  • Bubble tool (plastic knife works fine for small jars)
I know that may seem like a lot, but, you can purchase kits that have almost all of these materials for as little as $12. Great, right?

Now that we've covered all those bases, here are some fantastic resources for canning:
So, now you're ready to move forward and can the night away. Leave a comment below and let us know how it goes or if you have any question or concerns or simply share with us a recipe that you found to be a must-have. Until next time, happy canning!

Homemade peach jam

Wednesday, August 10, 2016

Thyme For Herb Education

Mother Hubbard’s Cupboard is known to have a fairly extensive garden program. We grow all sorts of veggies and fruits in an attempt to show people how simply changes to one’s routine can make running a garden so easy and simple. Among the varieties of produce that we grow (and use in our cooking demos and sampling tables), we also grow a large sample of varied herbs. I know what you may be thinking, “Herbs? Really? Can’t I focus on something with sustenance like tomatoes, squash, or strawberries and just buy my own?” To that I say, “buckle your seat belts cause I’m about to learn you a thing or two. Trust me when I say that an herb garden is a great investment.

As general knowledge when starting an herb garden, know that most herb prefer well-drained soil and sunny locations. Plants that are established require the least amount of watering and will continue to be lower maintenance as they grow. They can grow in individual pots or alongside vegetable plantings as companions. Moreover, most herbs will flower at some point. Now, in most cases this means that your herbs will be bitter after harvest so its better to harvest before this happens. Don’t worry, if you like the flowers, you don’t have to get rid of all of them, you just have to be consistent with which portions your harvesting from.

For starters, having and maintaining an herb garden is incredibly simple as most herbs don’t require tons of upkeep just the occasional trimming and watering. Plants such as Rosemary, fennel, lemon balm, oregano, and dill require occasional watering and temperature control while many herbs require even less. Why is this important to know? Well, herbs that you find in the store may come from questionable sources. By that I mean that the the taste or sought after effects of them may not be as prevalent as one would hope. By growing your own, you can control exactly when you harvest, propagate, and use your herbs ensuring that you get the most out of them for the least amount of financial strain.

Also, this category of plants has so many different uses. The ways in which herbs can be used range from simple seasoning and tea making to aromatherapy and healing practices. What other food group can range that widely? Simply put, other herbs. You may think I’m joking here but really, take a look: lavender, mint, bay leef can be used as calming agents if boiled down to make oils for use around the home; mint, lavender, calendula, nasturtium, and chamomile can all make soothing teas while also adding signature flavors to foods and desserts; calendula, Echinacea, catnip, and nasturtium all possess healing properties that can treat flu symptoms and minor skin infections as well as assist in oral hygiene. This list is by no means extensive as it could go on and on and on and on. Of course I wish I could talk about all the different herbs but, alas, I’m going to limit it to a select few that we grow here at The Hub:

Calendula – flowers are used to sooth the skin, can also be used to season/flavor soups and broths.
Mint – makes for some very intense and flavorful teas. The scent can also assist with memory recollection. More popular in dessert dishes as an accent. Peppermint is a perennial and require spread maintenance. This means that peppermint has the potential to be invasive when planted alongside other species. Because of this, asolitary pot is recommended. Its not all bad though, with that pot youll have more mint that you know what to do with (maybe you could share the wealth). Don’t forget to trim!
Rosemary – one of the more difficult to maintain (which doesn’t say much as its still very simple), rosemary likes to be warm and requires temperature control and access to constant airflow in order to flourish. It can enhance savory flavors while cooking.

Parsley - biennial that needs to be started from seed. Once done, parsley is very fruitful. Very popular cooking herb. Possesses copious amounts of potassium and can aid in digestion.
Basil – annual herb that thrives in the summer. Usually used by cooks as a standard in Italian cuisine. Extremely versatile and can be used as an accent in various flavors of tea.

Sage – easy to maintain perennial that is best started from seed. Used to season in savory dishes. Great for oral hygiene as it can remove bacteria in the mouth, soothe gums, and eliminate bad breath. Also makes for some interesting tea.

Now, I've given you a lot of information and surely you've already gone out and planted a whole garden with Roadrunner like speed because you guys are all extremely fast. But you may have hit a hiccup, how do you harvest and store these wonderful gifts from the earth? Not to fret, we are going to hash that out. As i mentioned before, flowers are pretty but they dont make for the most tasteful herbs samples. So, youll want to harvest before your plants flower, to do this you can literally cut off a small portion of leave and stems from different parts of the plants. These cuttings are good for immediate use. That was easy right? Im glad you think so. 

Another way to do this is to take the entire plant or a portion of it down to the root and dry it out. Drying is a very low maintenance way to store your herbs and really hone that specific flavor that you may be looking for. Remember, dried herbs are leagues more potent than fresh. To use this method, take your uprooted sample and place a paper bag over the plant and secure the bag with a rubber band around the bag and stem. Hang around your house (preferably near a window) and give an occasional shake. After a couple of days, your herbs will be thoroughly dried and ready for storage in an airtight container to be used at your leisure. 

The second way to store your herbs is by freezing. In this instance, you'll want to use your fresh herbs. Take your cutting into your kitchen and chop them up really fine. Feel free to mix different herbs together in a way that you would be comfortable cooking with and then sprinkle the mix into ice trays full of water then freeze. Each cube will contain a nice amount of flavor that can be easily popped out and added to any dish that you see fit. Doesn't get easier than that.

If you have any questions or concerns about herbs and all their glory, leave us a comment below. If you’d like to harvest some herbs for use today stop by The Hub and get some cuttings. We’re always happy to help jumpstart a garden! And don’t worry we always have plenty of thyme on our hands… get it? Its because time and thyme. I’m sorry. Until next time, we'll be harvesting!